Adult-Onset Still's Disease Treatment in Metro Atlanta

Overview of Still’s Disease (Adult-Onset Still’s Disease)

Adult-Onset Still’s Disease (AOSD) is a rare type of inflammatory arthritis that can affect the entire body. It is characterized by high fevers, salmon-colored rash, and joint pain. The cause of AOSD is unknown, but it is believed to involve an abnormal immune response. Early diagnosis and treatment at Arthritis and Rheumatology of Georgia (ARG) are essential for managing symptoms and preventing complications.

Symptoms of Adult-Onset Still’s Disease

  • High Fevers: Spiking fevers that typically occur in the evening.
  • Salmon-Colored Rash: A faint, pink rash that may come and go with the fever. It often appears on the chest and abdomen.
  • Joint Pain and Swelling: Pain and inflammation in the joints, especially the wrists, knees, and ankles.
  • Sore Throat: A persistent sore throat.
  • Muscle Pain: General muscle aches and pains.
  • Fatigue: Chronic tiredness and lack of energy.
  • Lymphadenopathy: Swelling of the lymph nodes.
  • Enlarged Liver or Spleen: Possible enlargement of these organs.

Diagnosis of Adult-Onset Still’s Disease

  • Medical History and Physical Examination: Conducted by a rheumatologist at Arthritis and Rheumatology of Georgia to assess symptoms and rule out other conditions.
  • Blood Tests:
    • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and C-reactive Protein (CRP): Markers of inflammation.
    • Ferritin Levels: Elevated ferritin levels are common in AOSD.
    • Complete Blood Count (CBC): To check for anemia and leukocytosis (high white blood cell count).
  • Imaging Tests:
    • X-rays: To assess joint damage and inflammation.
    • Ultrasound or CT Scan: To evaluate organ enlargement and inflammation.

Treatment Options for Adult-Onset Still’s Disease

  • Medications:
    • Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs): To relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
    • Corticosteroids: To reduce inflammation and control acute flare-ups.
    • Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs): Such as methotrexate to control the immune system.
    • Biologic Agents: Such as anakinra, tocilizumab, or etanercept to target specific pathways in the immune response.
  • Therapies:
    • Physical Therapy: Exercises to improve joint flexibility and muscle strength.
    • Occupational Therapy: Techniques to perform daily activities safely and efficiently.
  • Lifestyle Changes:
    • Healthy Diet: Eating a balanced diet to support overall health.
    • Regular Exercise: Engaging in low-impact exercises to maintain strength and mobility.
    • Stress Management: Techniques such as mindfulness and relaxation exercises.

Living with Adult-Onset Still’s Disease

  • Symptom Management: Using medications, therapies, and lifestyle changes to manage symptoms and reduce flare-ups.
  • Regular Check-Ups: Keeping up with appointments to monitor disease progression and treatment efficacy.
  • Support Systems: Seeking support from family, friends, or support groups to manage the emotional impact of living with a chronic disease.
  • Education: Learning about the condition and staying informed about new treatments and management strategies.

Frequently Asked Questions | Adult-Onset Still’s Disease

What causes Adult-Onset Still’s Disease?
The exact cause of AOSD is unknown, but it is believed to involve an abnormal immune response.

Is Adult-Onset Still’s Disease hereditary?
There is no clear evidence that AOSD is hereditary, though genetic factors may contribute to susceptibility.

Can Adult-Onset Still’s Disease be cured?
There is no cure for AOSD, but its symptoms can be managed effectively with a combination of treatments.

How is Adult-Onset Still’s Disease diagnosed?
Diagnosis involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, blood tests, and imaging tests.

What lifestyle changes can help manage Adult-Onset Still’s Disease?
Regular exercise, a healthy diet, stress management, and avoiding smoking can all help manage symptoms and improve overall health.

How can Arthritis and Rheumatology of Georgia help with Adult-Onset Still’s Disease?
At Arthritis and Rheumatology of Georgia, we offer comprehensive care for AOSD, including diagnostic tests, personalized treatment plans, and ongoing management to reduce inflammation and improve quality of life.

Contact Arthritis and Rheumatology of Georgia

For comprehensive care for Adult-Onset Still’s Disease, schedule an appointment with Arthritis and Rheumatology of Georgia. Call us at 404-255-5956 or use our online contact form. We proudly serve patients in the metro Atlanta area and beyond, providing expert care and personalized treatment plans.

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